leetcode118. Pascal‘s Triangle(118. 杨辉三角)

题目:118. 杨辉三角

Given a non-negative integer numRows, generate the first numRows of Pascal’s triangle.
在这里插入图片描述

In Pascal’s triangle, each number is the sum of the two numbers directly above it.

Example:

Input: 5
Output:
[
     [1],
    [1,1],
   [1,2,1],
  [1,3,3,1],
 [1,4,6,4,1]
]

基本思想:数学

  • 当前元素的结果等于其上面元素的值加上其左上角元素的值

cpp版本

class Solution {
public:
    vector<vector<int>> generate(int numRows) {
        vector<vector<int>> res(numRows);
        for(int i = 0; i < numRows; ++i){
            res[i] = vector<int>(i + 1, 0);
            for(int j = 0; j <= i; ++j){
                if(i > 0 && j > 0){
                    res[i][j] = res[i - 1][j - 1] + (i == j? 0 : res[i - 1][j]); 
                }
                else{//最左边和最上边的情况
                    res[i][j] = 1;
                }
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
};

python版本

class Solution:
    def generate(self, numRows: int) -> List[List[int]]:
        res = [[] for i in range(numRows)]
        for i in range(numRows):
            res[i] = [0 for j in range(i + 1)]
            for j in range(i + 1):
                if i > 0 and j > 0:
                    res[i][j] = res[i - 1][j - 1] + (0 if j == i else res[i - 1][j])
                else:
                    res[i][j] = 1
        return res
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